Guru Purnima Facts
Importance Of Guru In Hinduism
According to Kathopanishad (1.2.12), tad-vigyananartham sa gurum evabhigachchhet, samit-panih shrotriyam brahma-nishtham. This Vedic injunction means, “In order to learn the transcendental science, one must approach the bona fide spiritual master in disciplined succession, who is fixed in the Absolute Truth. Thus, it has been enjoined herewith that in order to receive that transcendental knowledge, one must approach the guru.”
What Is Guru Purnima?
The guidance of the guru is indispensable in the path of Yoga. Some gurus bless and guide their disciple in their own presence while some guide and bless their disciples in subtle form. The auspicious day of Guru Purnima is the day when the seeker or disciple worship his Guru or master and seek his blessings.
Why Is Guru Purnima Celebrated
The full moon day in the Hindi month of Ashadh is considered very sacred and is celebrated as Guru Purnima day. The great sage Shri Ved Vyas, also known as Sri Krishna dvaipayan or Badarayan, was born on this day. The day is therefore dedicated to him. Chaturmas ( the four sacred month sadhana ) of the Sannyasis also start this day. During this period of four months, a rainy season, a Sanyasi practice svadhyaya, resides in one place for the study of ascetic and Brahma Sutras. On this day a sadhaka worship his guru ( Master ) and start the study of Brahma Sutras, Bhagwat, and other ancient texts.
The festival of Guru Purnima is celebrated in countries like India, Nepal and other countries of Buddhist and Jain influence. On this day worship their spiritual preceptors or gurus and give them gifts. They offer them respect and seek their blessings. Most people observe fast on this day to show their respect to their Guru and surrender to him.
Rishi Ved Vyas – The Original Spiritual Master
Shri Ved Vyas has done an immense and unforgettable service to the whole humanity by editing four Vedas and composing eighteen Puranas, Mahabharata Katha, and Shrimad Bhagavat. His teachings and texts are very useful for the salvation of the humanity in this Kaliyuga. Only by studying and following the texts written by him, one can express his true gratitude towards Sri Ved Vyas.
When Do We Celebrate Guru Purnima
In respect of this great Divine Man, all seekers and devotees celebrate the day of Ashadha full moon in the form of Guru Purnima, worshiping Ved Vyas and worshiping their own Gurus as well. This is the day when the disciple seeks Guru’s blessings and Guru showers it on him. On this occasion, all Sadhus, Mahatmas, and Saints are honored, and people donate with gratitude for divine work.
Story Of Rishi Parashar
Shri Ved Vyas was born to Parashar Rishi and Matsyakanya Satyavati Devi in some divine situations. Rishi Parashar was a sage who had the Supernatural powers, the power that can be achieved when one reaches higher levels of consciousness by doing the intense sadhana. He had the ability to know that if at a particular time, a woman is conceived, then that child born to the woman would be the greatest man of the time and would be of immense use to the mankind. On the said date, the sage Parashar was traveling in a boat. When the time, known to sage, started coming closer, he told the sailor about it. The sailor had a daughter of marriageable age.
He was familiar with the greatness of the sage Parashar. Recognizing the importance of this opportunity, he presented his daughter to Rishi Parashar for marriage. This adaptation, this marriage became the factor for the birth of Great Saint Shri Ved Vyas. It is said that he was born by the grace of Lord Shiva himself, who gave his blessings to the marriage of the Rishi Parashar and the knowledgeable girl of the sailor. Rishi Parashar was one of the best scholars himself. ‘Parashar Hora’ by him is still an integral part of the syllabus of astrology and his composition ‘Parashar Smruti’ is also held in high esteem even today. Puranas says that Rishi Ved Vyas took his guru’s blessings and got initiation from his twenty-first Guru Rishivar Vasudev. He edited the Vedas and composed the Brahmasutra to simplify the meaning and interpretation of the ‘Shrutis’.
The birth of Rishi Ved Vyas can be said to be meant for the promotion of spiritual knowledge. He composed The Mahabharata for the good of a common man. He was the author of eighteen ‘Puranas’. ‘Shrimad Bhagwat’ was his last creation, which he wrote with the inspiration of Maharishi Narada. He put forth the paths of karma, worship, and knowledge. His compositions are unique and motivating sources for today’s human being. Let us also pray that we receive His blessings.